Type 1 diabetes treatment and management





Type 1 diabetes treatment and management

Type 1 diabetes is a chronic condition you are born with, the pancreas makes the insulin production in your body to control the level of blood glucose in your blood but the cells responsible for the production of insulin in the pancreas are destroyed in the case of type 1 diabetes as the result your body is not able to make the insulin.
Insulin plays a vital role in using glucose for energy, the main source of the energy in your body is the food you eat. insulin is something that helps your blood to pass the glucose onto your body cells.
Whenever your body intakes enough glucose from the food you ate then the other body parts like muscle tissues or the liver start storing extra glucose, it can be used between the time you need it like during an intense workout or maybe while you are sleeping.
But this is not the case in type 1 diabetes, your body is not able to process glucose because there is not enough amount of insulin.
The amount of glucose present in your food is unable to be a part of your cells which leaves all the glucose moving in your blood and eventually causes a high blood sugar level which leads to some serious complications in long run.

Type 1 diabetes symptoms

Type 1 diabetes has the following symptoms:

  • Extreme hunger
  • Extreme thirst
  • Eyesight problems
  • Fatigue
  • Extreme weight loss

Treatment of type 1 diabetes:

Your body is unable to produce insulin if you are diagnosed with type 1 or type 2 diabetes you need to get the insulin for the body to use the glucose in your blood. Here are some treatments to manage type 1 diabetes:

Insulin:

If you have type 1 diabetes or you are a parent or guardian of someone who is dealing with type 1 diabetes you must know that taking insulin every day is a must. You are doing it right now through injection or maybe using the insulin pump.
And the amount of insulin you need depends on your blood sugar level it varies throughout the day some foods and activities can affect the level of your blood sugar level and the intake of insulin amount. That is where freestyle libre 2 comes in handy and tells you how exactly your blood sugar level moved in the whole day so you don’t have to go through the finger pricking or any painful method to get your eye on the levels of your blood sugar.
And the amount and type of insulin can be discussed with your physician to find out what works best for you.

Metformin:

There was a time in the past when only people with type 2 diabetes can use this oral medication named metformin.
But now your doctor might suggest you take metformin instead of insulin the reason is some people with type 1 diabetes are insulin resistant which does mean there is no particular effect of the insulin on your body as it should have.
Metformin helps in lowering the blood sugar level by reducing the overall production of sugar.
Your physician may prescribe you metformin instead of insulin.

Vaccines :

Some studies suggest the tuberculosis vaccine might help people with type 1 diabetes but there are not enough data on it.

Other medicines:

For those with type 1 diabetes, there is a new oral medicine, you can take the medicine alongside insulin for type 1 diabetes.
It works by helping the body to excrete glucose through urine and limiting glucose absorption in the intestines to lower blood glucose levels. There are similar drugs available for persons with type 2 diabetes, but none have been approved for type 1 diabetes.

Management:

That is not just if you have to take care of your health by focusing on your entire lifestyle. Watch out what is your diet and the workout you are on.

Here are some tips for the overall health management of type 1 diabetes: Diet:

The key in the diet department is to eat regular meals so your blood level stays stable you can always check the effects of any food you have taken on your freestyle libre 2. so you can be sure about the effects of the certain food in the future.
Some things to keep in mind while preparing your next diet plan considering type diabetes:

  • Try to eat in small portions don’t overeat.
  • Try to include all the important nutrients in your meal, eat a balanced meal.
  • Try not to skin any meal.

Workout or physical activity:

Exercise helps you a lot in maintaining a healthy range of blood glucose level and help you in attaining a healthy lifestyle if you are someone with type 1 diabetes. But working out can get tricky for a lot of people because you need to take the insulin according to your body's needs
Try to go for a 150 min per week plan on exercise. And take days off from rest from workout as well aerobic exercise has a good effect on people with type 1 diabetes so is the strength training.

Takeaway:

Although there is a huge difference between type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes still the treatments are almost the same.
Like insulin will be suggested to you in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes to manage it. the medicines can be the same so is the diet and exercise.
The most important thing is to stay in touch with your doctor to be aware of any potential treatments and to avoid complications.

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